Hedden'n EXAM review below Paxson's Study Guide
Paxson's FINAL EXAM Study Guide
Course Text Book - Gateway to Art
p. 460 -461 The Building of Pyramids
p. 496- 497 Astronomical Knowledge in Art
Fig. 4.59 Flint
Videos Shown in Class - 2nd Half of Semester
1. "This Old Pyramid"
2. "Lost Kingdom of the Maya"
3. "The Horse Sculptures of Deborah Butterfield"
4. "Chihuly Over Venice"
5. "Restoration of the Kaufman House by Richard Neutra"
6. "Maya Lin - A Strong Clear Vision"
7. "House on the Water Fall by Frank Lloyd Wright"
8. "Dennis Weaver House - Michael Reynolds Architect"
9. "The Legacy of Generations" - Pottery by American
Artists & Terms
1. Bauhaus Style-The most influential current in
Modernist architecture and Modern design in the 20th
century. One of the main objectives of the Bauhaus
was to unify art, craft and technology in which the
machine was considered a positive element. The
Bauhaus belief is that "Form Follows Function".
2. Deborah Butterfield-American sculptor with studios in
Bozeman, Montana and in Hawaii. She is known for
her heroic sculptures of horses made from found
objects, like metal and wood. Most of her recent
outdoor horse sculptures are made of cast bronze.
3. Erich Von Daniken - Author of "Chariots of the Gods?" which
examines the possibility that aliens from other worlds
influenced early man, which he believes are recorded in our
early myth and art.
4. Wendell Castle - 20th century wood worker famous for his use
of laminate wood furniture designs which bridge the gap
between utility and fine art.
5. DaleChihuly - Seattle, Washington based glass artist who
revolutionized sculptural blown glass in the 20th century.
6. Sharon Church - "Jewelry is the Psychic Armoring of the
Human Form". Studio jeweler and Professor of Crafts, College
of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, PA. Her jewelry inspired by nature
seeks to embody shimmering beauty along with its dark,
damp and mysterious underpinnings.
7. Frank Gehry-His Architecture has been cited as being among
the most important works of contemporary architecture at the
end of the 20th century and the early 21st century. His best
known work is the titanium covered Guggenheim Museum in
8. Julio Gonzalez - Starting in 1928 Gonzalez worked with
Picasso to extend the use of iron in sculpture.
9. Walter Gropius - Founder of the Bauhaus School in 1919.
10. William Harper - "Alchemist of Jewelry" He uses in his
jewelry materials such as gold, silver, enamel, rattle snake
tails, pearls, snail shells, plastic, and beetle shells, among
many other found objects. Known as the alchemist of jewelry
because of the connection of his creations to mythology and
11. Chuck Hoberman - Inventor of the Iris Dome. Artist/engineer
who employs mathematical discoveries out of which he
creates structures that fluidly transform their size and shape.
12. Jun Kaneko - Ceramic artist who constructs pieces weighing
as much as 1,000 lbs. famous for his monolithic ceramic
13. Henry Moore - English sculptor best known for his abstract
bronze sculptures. In the 1930's Moore became as active
member of the informal modern art movement inspired by the
work of Pablo Picasso and Julio Gonzalez. Also known for his
drawings especially his "Elephant Drawings".
14. Maria Martinez - Maria and her husband Julian developed
the new black on black style inspired by the prehistoric
pottery found during an excavation in 1908 and 1909 by Dr.
Edgar Lee Hewitt.
15. George Nakashima- Japanese American woodworker,
architect and furniture maker who was one of the leading
innovators of the 20th century furniture design and Father of
the American Craft Movement.
16. Richard Neutra - Modernist architect famous for his
domestic buildings which blend art, landscape and practical
comfort. Designed the Kaufman House in Phoenix, Arizona
for Edgar Kaufmann.
17. Prairie Style-Frank Lloyd Wright developed this type of
architecture, which integrates the building to the site.
18. Albert Palev - Known for his architectural designs in wrought
iron which are influenced by the flowing lines of Art Nouveau.
19. Art Nouveau - (1890 -1910) most popular style of art based
on decoration, with linear patterns of sinuous curves and
stylized organic plant forms.
20. Martin Purvear-One of the first African American artists to
receive international recognition. His art is a fusion of cultures
and of categories, such as sculpture, architecture and craft.
21. Michael Reynolds - Developed the "Earthship Biotecture
Homes" which are built of recycled materials such as used
tires, bottles, and soda pop cans.
22. Paolo Soleri- One of the best known Utopian planners of the 20th century. Apprenticed with Frank Lloyd Wright at Taliesin
West from 1947 to 1949. Developed the site project Arcosanti,
which was intended to be Earth's first self-contained urban
23. Arcology - A word Paolo Soleri created t explain his ideas of
architecture and ecology.
24. Peter Voulkos - 20th century California ceramic artist
responsible for the elevation of ceramics from craft object to
large scale expressionist sculpture.
Hedden'n EXAM review
7 visual elements 8 principles of design
1. Line 1. Unity
2. Shape 2. Variety
3. Light 3. Balance
4. Value 4. Emphasis
5. Texture 5. Focal Point
6. Space 6. Proportion
7. Color 7. Scale
Introduction What is Art?
1. Louise Nevelson’s work White Vertical Water is a realistic depiction of fish in a river. True False*
2. Leonardo da Vinci was an artist who rigidly stuck to traditional methods and rules of art. True False*
3. The pose, facial expression, and landscape background of Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa communicate to the viewer a mood of ____.
(a) romance and love (b) anger and jealousy (c) calm and introspection* (d) worry and unease (e) none of the other answers
4. The rarity of an artwork, and its value, are often closely related. True* False
5. The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC is valuable because ________.
(a) it is made of expensive materials (b) Lincoln is a symbol of American values and identity* (c) it was designed by a single famous artist (d) it is very large (e) there are no other memorials to Lincoln
6. Girl with a Pearl Earring was painted by this Dutch artist.
(a) Rembrandt (b) Vincent van Gogh (c) Jan van Eyck (d) Johannes Vermeer* (e) Albrecht Dürer Censorship of Art
1.1 TEST BANK
1. The elements of art form the basic ________ of art.
(a) media (b) symbols (c) vocabulary* (d) techniques (e) methods
2. The principles of design are a kind of ________ that artists apply to the elements of art.
(a) technique (b) perspective (c) sketch (d) logo (e) grammar*
3. A flat work of art has two dimensions: ________ and width.
(a) height* (b) depth (c) breadth (d) size (e) mass
4. The dark printed words on the page of a book are easily read because they are printed on a light ground. This is an example of the principle of ________. (a) harmony (d) proportion (b) variety (e) emphasis (c) contrast*
5. One definition of this element is “a mark that connects two points.”
(a) line* (b) shape (c) color (d) value (e) mass
6. The line that defines the edge of a shape is called the ________.
(a) contour (d) volume (b) boundary* (e) scale (c) implied line
7. The lines that create the image of the Nazca Spider “drawing” define the ________ of a ________.
(a) contour . . . volume (b) direction . . . line (c) boundary . . . shape* (d) mass . . . form (e) pattern . . . square
8. Pick the three words that would best describe a regular line.
(a) controlled* (b) wild (c) geometric* (d) organic (e) cool-headed* (f) expressive (g) emotional
9. Three words that can describe irregular line are:
(a) loose* (b) constrained (c) wild* (d) measured (e) chaotic* (f) ruled (g) controlled
10. A line that is a continuous mark is ________.
(a) an organic line (b) an implied line (c) an actual line* (d) a chaotic line (e) an irregular line
11. A line that gives viewers the impression that they are seeing a line where there is not a continuous mark is ________.
(a) an irregular line (b) an actual line (c) an implied line* (d) a chaotic line (e) a directional line
12. By orienting lines so that they attract attention to a specific area of a work of art the artist is using ________.
(a) chaotic line (b) directional line* (c) implied line (d) measured line (e) actual line
13. A contour line defines the outer edge or profile of an object, and can be used to suggest a volume in space.
14. The orientation of a line can communicate particular feelings. Match the type of line with the feeling it communicates:
1. horizontal line (a) action 2. diagonal line (b) strength 3. vertical line (c) calm
1. (c)* 2. (a)* 3. (b)*
15. If vertical lines communicate strength, horizontals calm, and diagonals action, then a vacation resort might want to choose a logo consisting of ________ lines in order to show peaceful repose.
(a) vertical (b) diagonal (c) chaotic (d) horizontal* (e) scribbled
16. A shape made of perfectly straight lines would probably be classified as ________ shape.
(a) an organic (b) a regular (c) a geometric* (d) a biomorphic (e) an implied
17. This type of shape is composed of unpredictable, irregular lines.
(a) organic* (b) geometric (c) implied (d) measured (e) actual
18. A shape on a flat picture surface that is defined by surrounding empty space is known as ________ shape.
(a) an implied (b) a geometric (c) a positive* (d) an organic (e) an actual
19. An empty space defined by its surround is known as ________ shape.
(a) an implied (b) a negative* (c) a geometric (d) an organic (e) an actual
20. In a two-dimensional work, when the figure becomes the background and the background becomes the figure, we perceive ________.
(a) a figure–ground reversal* (b) an organic shape (c) an implied shape (d) a geometric shape (e) a form
21. The positive and negative shapes in M. C. Escher’s print Sky and Water I balance each other and are an example of ________.
(a) etching (b) geometric shape (c) actual line (d) figure–ground reversal* (e) collage
1.2 TEST BANK
1. A two-dimensional object is called a shape, and a three-dimensional object is known as a ______.
(a) form* (b) relief (c) building (d) pyramid (e) cube
2. Because it is three-dimensional, a form has these three spatial measurements: height, width, and ________.
(a) length (b) depth* (c) mass (d) size (e) strength
3. These four visual elements of art—form, volume, mass, and texture—are present in ________ works of art.
(a) two-dimensional (b) balanced (c) three-dimensional* (d) large (e) modern
4. Forms such as pyramids, which tend to be precise and regular, are known as ________ forms.
(a) textured (b) organic (c) geometric* (d) implied (e) actual
5. The artist David Smith created sculptures of geometric forms. In his work Cubi XIX , Smith used the following geometric shapes:
(a) cuboids* (b) rhomboids (c) spheres (d) pyramids (e) ellipses
6. Forms that tend to be irregular, and similar to naturally occurring objects, are known as ________ forms.
(a) geometric (b) volumetric (c) implied (d) organic* (e) massive
7. A three-dimensional surface that is designed to be viewed from only one direction is known as a ________.
(a) volume (b) form in the round (c) relief* (d) texture (e) mass
8. This type of relief, which takes its name from the French word for low, does not imply great depth.
(a) area relief (b) bas-relief* (c) a plane (d) actual relief (e) a frieze
9. A sculpture designed in the round can be viewed from ________.
(a) nearly every angle* (b) one direction (c) above only (d) the interior (e) the front and back only
10. The element of art that defines the amount of space occupied by an object is ________.
(a) form (b) mass (c) volume* (d) texture (e) geometry
25. The visual impact of the Olmec sculpture of a Colossal Head (1.40 ) is directly related to its mass.
11. This term refers to the substance contained in an object, but it does not necessarily imply weight.
(a) volume (b) mass* (c) form (d) texture (e) open volume
12. Our experience of objects in the natural world often leads us to assume that a large object will be heavy, but in fact this is not necessarily the case. This element of art is called ________.
(a) space (b) volume (c) texture (d) form (e) mass*
13. Because a form exists in “real” space we can experience it not only visually, but also through the sense of ________.
(a) touch* (b) balance (c) mood (d) humor (e) hearing
14. When we touch an object we experience a tactile sensation that artists refer to as ________ texture.
(a) mass (b) actual* (c) subversive (d) implied (e) organic
1.3 TEST BANK
1. The lightness or darkness of a surface is the element of art called ________.
(a) value* (b) space (c) line (d) shape (e) color
2. Artists can create a sense of ________ by using light and dark values.
(a) tension (b) humor (c) fear (d) depth* (e) height
3. Triangular planes make up the surface of a geodesic sphere. Planes that are closer to and facing toward the light source tend to be lighter than planes that are further from it and facing away.
True* False 4. This method of applying value to a two-dimensional artwork in order to create the illusion of three-dimensional solid form is called _____.
(a) film noir (b) value range (c) chiaroscuro* (d) perspective (e) palette
5. The process of using a series of parallel lines set close to one another to differentiate planes of value in a work of art is called ________.
(a) perspective (b) hatching* (c) highlight (d) core shadow (e) palette
6. Hatching and cross-hatching use two-dimensional lines to communicate ________ depth.
(a) three-dimensional* (b) colorful (c) actual (d) unexpected (e) textural
7. An artist can use color to indicate depth. When a color is very pure and intense then it seems to be ______.
(a) darker (b) further (c) closer* (d) lighter (e) flatter
8. When objects are far away they lack contrast, detail, and sharpness of focus because of the interference of air. Artists take advantage of this when they use the process called:
(a) atmospheric perspective* (b) isometric perspective (c) chiaroscuro (d) highlight (e) cross-hatching
9. This system, which derives its name from the Greek meaning “equal measure,” uses diagonal parallel lines to communicate depth.
(a) isometric perspective* (b) linear perspective (c) chiaroscuro (d) multi-point perspective (e) relative position
10. This is the system for creating an illusion of depth using three basic components: horizon line, vanishing point, and convergence lines.
(a) linear perspective* (b) chiaroscuro (c) highlight (d) palette (e) atmospheric perspective
11. One-point perspective does convey depth, but it has limited applications due to its reliance on a single ________.
(a) color (b) shape (c) vanishing point* (d) medium (e) volume
12. This is the area that is visible when a viewer is staring at a fixed point in space.
(a) cone of vision* (b) highlight (c) vanishing point (d) horizon line (e) orthogonal
13. If you are looking straight ahead, an object that is behind you is in your cone of vision.
14. When the rules of perspective are applied in order to represent unusual points of view, we call this ________.
(a) overlapping (b) chiaroscuro (c) highlight (d) convergence (e) foreshortening*
15. If an artist were to draw a figure whose arm was pointing directly toward the viewer, what technique would the artist have to use when drawing the outstretched arm?
(a) foreshortening* (b) highlight (c) chiaroscuro (d) cross-hatching (e) surrealism
1.4 TEST BANK
1. This is the most vivid element of art and design.
(a) color* (b) value (c) shape (d) line (e) mass
2. This object can be used to separate white light into the colors of the spectrum.
(a) color wheel (b) prism* (c) electromagnet (d) color chart (e) microscope
3. Physicists have explained that when we see a color, it is the portion of the light spectrum that a surface fails to _____.
(a) absorb* (b) reflect (c) subtract (d) neutralize (e) lighten
4. If you were to look at a t-shirt that absorbed the colors violet, blue, green, yellow, and orange, what color would the t-shirt appear to be?
(a) orange (b) white (c) red* (d) green (e) blue
5. The traditional primary colors are ________. (a) red, yellow, blue*
(b) blue, green, yellow (c) green, orange, violet (d) red and blue (e) green and yellow
6. When ________ colors are mixed, they make a duller and darker color because more of the visible spectrum is absorbed.
(a) optical (b) additive (c) grayscale (d) warm (e) subtractive*
7. The term used for referring to the basic colors of the spectrum is ________.
(a) complementary (b) secondary (c) hue* (d) optical color (e) analogous
8. The element of art that describes the relative lightness or darkness of a hue, compared to another hue, is known as ______.
(a) value* (b) saturation (c) intensity (d) contrast (e) form
9. A color that is lighter than its basic hue is known as a tint. A color that is darker than its basic hue is called a ________.
(a) tint (b) shade* (c) neutral (d) monochrome (e) shadow
10. An artwork that uses many hues but only one value is called monochromatic.
11. We generally associate a color with its purest, most intense state, or its highest level of ______.
(a) value (b) tint (c) contrast (d) saturation* (e) grayscale
15. A color that is almost gray has a ________ saturation.
(a) high (b) low* (c) medium (d) valuable (e) monochrome
16. Colors that are on opposite sides of a color circle are radically different in wavelength and are called ________.
(a) tints (b) analogous colors (c) neutrals (d) hues (e) complementary colors*
17. If you were to design an eye-catching poster using only two colors, the combination that would most stand out to passersby would be ________.
(a) yellow and orange (b) blue and green (c) green and yellow (d) red and green* (e) orange and red
18. Colors that do not contrast strongly with each other, and which are similar in wavelength, are ________ colors.
(a) analogous* (b) complementary (c) neutral (d) primary (e) grayscale
19. When a color is associated with hot or cold we refer to this as color ________.
(a) personality (b) value (c) tint (d) temperature* (e) harmony
20. We see this type of color when the brain receives so much color information that it is forced to simplify what we perceive.
(a) tint (b) complementary color (c) analogous color (d) neutral color (e) optical color*
21. The French artist Georges Seurat employed a new technique to create a jewel-like diffusion of light and vibration of color in his work The Circus . This type of painting, made up of small dots of color, is known as ________.
(a) pointillism* (b) Impressionism (c) Fauvism (d) Luminism (e) Pop art
22. Most commercial color printing is achieved using four separate colors, represented by the matrix ________. (a) RYBG (b) RGB (c) CMYK* (d) OGP (e) YGB
23. If you were to choose the color scheme for a health retreat, red would be a good color to pick.
24. Color affects the way we think and react to the world, and can be used for healing purposes. This practice is called ________.
(a) spectrotherapy (b) colorography (c) chromotherapy* (d) color surgery (e) chromapathology
1.5 TEST BANK
1. Traditional visual arts, such as painting, are inherently static, but artists have always found inventive ways of conveying the elements of ________ and ________.
(a) time . . . motion* (b) rhythm . . . music (c) fast . . . slow (d) red . . . yellow
(e) speed . . . excitement (f) height . . . width
2. When an artist employs visual clues to suggest movement in a work of art that is static and motionless, this is known as ________.
(a) stroboscopic motion (b) actual motion (c) rapid motion (d) implied motion* (e) slow motion
3. When an artist creates a work that deceives our eyes into believing there is motion as time passes, this is called ________.
(a) actual motion (b) implied motion (c) stroboscopic motion (d) the illusion of motion* (e) performance art
4. The kind of motion that is created by showing a series of static images in quick succession is called ________.
(a) stroboscopic motion* (b) implied motion (c) illusion of motion (d) actual motion (e) artificial motion
5. This spinning toy gives a sense of motion to a viewer when he or she looks through small slits in its cylindrical drum at a strip of changing pictures.
(a) magic lantern (b) zoetrope* (c) zoopraxiscope (d) kinetoscope (e) cinematograph
6. Disney’s Finding Nemo is an example of a series of computer-generated images played in rapid succession. This medium is called ________.
(a) kinetic sculpture (b) film noir (c) zoetrope (d) animation* (e) painting
7. This kind of motion is occurring when we see movement in real life.
(a) implied motion (b) actual motion* (c) stroboscopic motion (d) illusion of motion (e) artificial motion
8. This type of art can only exist in one place and time in history.
(a) ceramics (b) performance art* (c) Futurism (d) narrative painting (e) collage
9. This medium involves the human body and usually includes the artist.
(a) performance art* (b) bioart (c) Futurism (d) narrative painting (e) collage
10. Performance artists the Blue Man Group rely on bodily movements to communicate ideas without speech.
11. This type of sculpture can move and change its visual form.
(a) relief (b) in the round (c) kinetic* (d) geometric (e) contemporary
12. Alexander Calder invented the ________, a type of suspended, balanced sculpture that uses air currents to power its movement.
(a) zoetrope (b) stabile (c) mime (d) relief (e) mobile*
13. If Alexander Calder’s Untitled mobile was powered by a small motor, rather than air currents, it would not be an example of actual motion.
14. The elements of time and motion are not applicable to the art of photography.
1.6 TEST BANK
1. What element describes the imposition of order and harmony on a design?
(a) unity* (b) variety (c) balance (d) rhythm (e) proportion
2. The three kinds of unity are: (a) compositional, conceptual, gestalt* (b) asymmetrical, symmetrical, radial (c) radial, proportional, volumetric (d) compositional, symmetrical, gestalt (e) radial, conceptual, gestalt
3. Compositional unity strikes an interesting balance between the monotony of too much similarity, and the chaos of too much ________ in a work of art.
(a) texture (b) yellow (c) variety* (d) emphasis (e) movement
4. What principle of art did Katsushika Hokusai employ in “The Great Wave off Shore at Kanagawa” in order to bring harmony to what could otherwise be a very chaotic scene?
(a) pattern (b) always use the color blue (c) unity* (d) scale (e) none of the other answers
5. An interior design that uses only straight lines might lack the visual interest of a more varied composition.
6. Disparate visual elements can be linked together with a common idea. This is ________ unity.
(a) symbolic (b) compositional (c) conceptual* (d) virtual (e) actual
7. The German word that refers to something in which the whole seems greater than the sum of its parts is ________.
(a) alter (b) klein (c) bruder (d) gestalt* (e) gegen
8. This is a kind of visual diversity that can bring many different ideas, media, or elements together in one composition.
(a) rhythm (b) unity (c) balance (d) variety* (e) proportion
9. Variety can ________ a design.
(a) invigorate* (b) regulate (c) order (d) connect (e) fuse
10. An artist creates an artwork made up of many different shapes, all in varying shades of blue. This artwork uses the following principles of art:
(a) time and motion (b) mass and texture (c) contrast and focal point
(d) unity and variety* (e) scale and pattern
11. Creating visual weight and counterweight is part of an artist’s use of the element of ________ in creating a work of art.
(a) balance* (b) proportion (c) rhythm (d) unity (e) variety
12. ________ balance is achieved when both sides of a composition look exactly the same.
(a) asymmetrical (b) symmetrical* (c) gestalt (d) unified (e) varied
13. ________ balance is achieved when two halves of a composition are not mirror images of each other.
(a) unified (b) symmetrical (c) radial (d) asymmetrical* (e) varied
14. If an artist painted a street scene with one large building on the left-hand side, and two smaller buildings on the right-hand side, this would be an example of ________ balance.
(a) radial (b) asymmetrical* (c) symmetrical (d)unpredictable (e) all of these answers
15. ________ balance is achieved when all elements in a work of art are equidistant from a central point and repeat in a symmetrical way from side to side and top to bottom.
(a) unified (b) symmetrical (c) asymmetrical (d) radial* (e) varied
1.7 TEST BANK
1. The kind of scale used for objects that appear larger than they are in real life is called ___ scale.
(a) monumental* (b) human (c) hierarchical (d) meaningful (e) proportional
2. An artist might use a small scale for a portrait of a lover because it implies ________.
(a) intimacy* (b) epic virtues (c) distance (d) importance (e) heroism
3. When an artist uses scale to indicate the relative importance of elements in a composition, he or she is employing this kind of scale.
(a) human scale (b) monumental scale (c) small scale (d) hierarchical scale* (e) proportional scale
4. This type of scale is common in the relief sculpture of ancient Egypt, where it was used to indicate social importance.
(a) monumental (b) human (c) miniature (d) life-size (e) hierarchical*
4. This group of artists sometimes used distorted scale to create dreamlike images that subvert our conscious experiences.
(a) Pop artists (b) Surrealists* (c) Futurists (d) Cubists (e) Orphists
5. An artist would probably use distorted scale if he or she wanted to create a lifelike scene that the viewer could relate to.
6. The relationships between the sizes of different parts of a work make up its ________.
(a) volume (b) scale (c) proportions* (d) mass (e) character
7. In two-dimensional art, this is the area in which an artist creates their work.
(a) square (b) cast (c) mould (d) round (e) format*
8. This proportional system uses a ratio of 1:1.618.
(a) Standard Cubit (b) Fibonacci Sequence (c) Root 5 Rectangle (d) Rule of Thirds (e) Golden Section*
9. It does not matter if a sculptor is creating a human statue on a monumental scale, or a figure much smaller than life-size: if the sculptor applies the ratio of the Golden Section, the sculpture will have naturalistic proportions.
10. Rectangles based on the Golden Section can be nested inside each other to create an elegant ________.
(a) spiral* (b) square (c) star pattern (d) circle (e) triangle
11. Photographers cannot be responsible for principles of scale or proportion in their photographs.
1.8 TEST BANK
1. Any of the ________ of art can help focus our interest on specific areas of a work of art.
(a) elements* (b) tones (c) styles (d) themes (e) periods
2. The opposite of emphasis is ________.
(a) color (b) tone (c) focal point (d) subordination* (e) proportion
3. This is the specific part in an area of emphasis to which the viewer’s eye is drawn.
(a) subordination (b) focal point* (c) middle (d) top (e) composition
4. If an artist painted a garden with one red flower in a field of yellow flowers, this would be an example of using color to create contrast. For the viewer, the single red flower would be ________.
(a) a focal point in the artwork* (b) easily ignored (c) the least important part of the artwork
(d) completely unrealistic (e) none of the other answers
5. An artwork can have only one focal point. True False*
6. Which two types of line shape our examination of a work of art by directing the movement of our gaze?
(a) actual* (b) implied* (c) regulated (d) unfettered (e) line of sight (f) zigzag
1.9 TEST BANK
1. The recurrence of a single element in a work of art is called ________.
(a) style (b) focal point (c) pattern* (d) emphasis (e) space
2. The area covered by a pattern is called the ________.
(a) motif (b) field* (c) size (d) foreground (e) background
3. A design repeated as a unit in a pattern is called a ________.
(a) motif* (b) focal point (c) color (d) value (e) huge
4. This art movement, of which Hans Arp was a member, valued randomness, absurdity, and nonsense over rational or orderly patterns.
(a) Dada* (b) Baroque (c) Pop art (d) Surrealism (e) Impressionism
5. There is rhythm in an artwork when it has at least this many points of reference.
(a) two* (b) one (c) three (d) four (e) none
6. A pattern with regular intervals creates ________ rhythm.
(a) a repetitive* (b) a progressive (c) an alternating (d) an irregular (e) a geometric
7. The principle of rhythm does not apply to photography.
8. What is the name for any side of a building that is intended to be looked at?
(a) a peristyle (b) a cornice (c) a stylobate (d) a facade* (e) a truss
9. In the painting "The Third of May," 1808, this Spanish artist used alternating rhythm to contrast “good” and “bad.”
(a) Suzanne Valadon (b) Hans Arp (c) Francisco Goya* (d) Rosa Bonheur (e) Edward Weston
1.10 TEST BANK
4. Artemisia Gentileschi worked during this stylistic and historical period.
(a) Impressionism (b) Renaissance (c) Pop art (d) Surrealism (e) Baroque*
Additional exam review:
1. Leonardo da Vinci was an artist who rigidly stuck to traditional methods and rules of art.
True / False
2. The rarity of an artwork, and its value, are often closely related.
True / False
3. Composition refers to the aesthetic arrangement of elements within a work of art. True / False
4. In depth understanding is prevented when art is examined in a sociological context. True / False
5. Value contrast refers to the difference between circles and squares. True / False
6. The term representational art is defined as art that portrays, however altered or distorted, things perceived in the visible world. True / False
7. A contour line defines the outer edge or profile of an object, and can be used to suggest a volume in space. True / False
8. An artwork that uses many hues but only one value is called monochromatic. True / False
9. The principle of rhythm does not apply to photography. True / False
10. If you were to choose the color scheme for a health retreat, red would be a good color to pick. True / False
11. The elements of time and motion are not applicable to the art of photography. True / False
12. An interior design that uses only straight lines might lack the visual interest of a more varied composition. True / False
13. An artist would use distorted scale if he or she wanted to create a lifelike scene that the viewer could relate to. True / False
14. Two-dimensional objects are shape and a three-dimensional objects are form. True / False
15. An artwork can have only one focal point. True / False
16. Value is the relative purity, chroma, or saturation of a color. True / False
17. Volume is a space that is enclosed by materials that are not entirely solid True / False
18. Motif is a design that is repeated as a unit to create a pattern. True / False
19. Kinetic works of art utilize movement to create implied line. True / False
20. An interior design that uses only straight lines can have the visual interest of a more varied composition. True / False
21. Tone is the relative value of a color in gray scale. True / False 22. Photographers cannot be responsible for principles of scale or proportion in their photographs. True / False
Second half of the semester
A _________ is an example of relief printmaking.
a) rubber stamp b) mezzotint c) silkscreen d) burin Answer: (a)
________ is the process that assures that the colors of a woodcut or other relief print will align perfectly.
a) Editioning b) Intaglio c) Proofing d) Registration Answer: (d)
________ is the process where the printing surface is completely flat.
a) Lithography b) Intaglio c) Mezzotint d) Aquatint Answer: (a)
Monotype is a process that is unique among the printmaking processes because it produces:
a) an image from a "negative" plate
b) an image from a "positive" plate
c) only one print from the plate
d) an edition of prints from a single plate
In any type of printmaking, after an initial set of prints is made and the block or plate is destroyed the set of prints is referred to as:
a) an edition b) a ream c) a folio d) a run Answer: (a)
Before a zinc or copper plate is placed in an acid bath to be etched, it has first been coated with an acid resistant substance called a _________.
a) ground b) binder c) template d) resin Answer: (a)
What aspect of television has caused it to become the most realistic of media? (a) directness (b) the realism of the image
(c) immediacy (d) all of the above
Known for his role in the Pop art movement, Andy Warhol created many art works using this commercial process. What is it?
(a) encaustic (b) silk-screening (c) monotype (d) lithography
If an artist pushes the point of a burin across a metal plate, forcing the metal up in slivers in front of the burin, it is an intaglio process called:
(a) etching (b) drypoint (c) engraving (d) mezzotint
Andrew Wyeth's medium is _______.
(a) egg tempera (b) watercolor (c) gouache (d) encaustic
The Greeks used _______ sculpture to embellish their architecture.
(a) low relief (b) high relief (c) free-standing (d) modeled
Wood and stone carvings are examples of:
(a) relief sculpture (b) subtractive sculpture
(c) assemblage (d) additive sculpture
When a sculpture is created by building up the form with a material such as clay, the process is called:
(a) relief sculpture (b) additive (c) cast sculpture (d) Cire Perdue
One of the complex aspects of wood carving that a sculptor must pay attention to is: (a) the expense of the wood (b) the wood's additive qualities
(c) wood grain (d) all of the above
A sculptural work that you can actually enter is referred to as:
(a) an environment (b) a tableau (c) an earthwork (d) none of the above
The means by which pliable clay is made to hold its form permanently is through: (a) soaking it (b) casting it in bronze
(c) firing it (d) subjecting it to high pressure
All fiber arts evolved from one traditional process called:
(a) weaving (b) tapestry (c) embroidery (d) none of the above
In the twentieth century artists created works of art that combined many different medi(a) These works were typically called:
(a) mixed-media (b) production pieces
(c) performance art (d) multiplicitous objects
Objects formed out of clay and then fired in a very hot kiln are: Ceramics
Three basic types of ceramics are: (low, high, & highest kiln fired) Earthenware, Stoneware, & Porcelain
A material that is painted on a ceramic object and turns glassy when fired is known as: Glazing
Three types of fiber arts are: (1. woven designs 2. Sewn onto existing fabric 3. stitched onto existing fabric) Appliqué, Embroidery, & Tapestry
The ability of a material to span a horizontal distance with minimum support underneath is: Tensile strength
Four of the first or early kinds of photographic reproduction processes (Paper, Glass, & Metal) Tintype, Daguerreotype, Ambrotype, & Calotype
Name four of Griffith’s mechanics employed in film making. (used in making The Birth of a Nation) Iris shot, Traveling shot, Crosscutting, & Flashback
A mass communication process that has touched more people more significantly than all other media combined is: Video arts
Three basic design tools that graphic designers work with are: (has infinite design possibilities) Type, Photography, & Illustration
Three major arts and crafts movements that confront the choice between the geometric and the organic are: Art Deco, Avant-garde, & Art Nouveau
Siegfried Bing was among the first promoters of an art form that used organic undulating lines of saplings, serpentine forms and even flowing hair. It was called:
a) Art Deco b) Art Nouveau c) Carolingian art d) de Style Answer: (b)
What were the visual characteristics of art and design produced by the Dutch art group known as De Stijl?
a) they eliminated all colors except primaries
b) there were no straight lines in their work
c) they made only political art
d) they made conceptual works only Answer: (a)
The Bauhaus a) was designed by Le Corbusier b) was designed by Mies van der Rohe c) was an influential design school in Germany d) was the name of a Dutch architecture style in the 1930s Answer: (c)
The Romans perfected which architectural innovation by the end of the first century B.C.E.? a) post and lintel b) the amphitheater c) the arch d) the geodesic dome Answer: (c)
The device invented in the 16th century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world whose name means dark room, is: a) film nor b) camera verite c) praxiscope d) camera obscura Answer: (d)
The first great master in film editing was: a) Fernand Leger
b) D.W. Griffith c) Lucas Samaras d) Andy Warhol Answer: (b)
In film making, each unbroken, continuous sequence of movie frames with the camera still rolling is called a: a) take b) shot c) roll d) pan Answer: (b)
The first American film to fully utilize “every known trick of the filmmaker’s trade” resulting in a masterful work was: a) The Wizard of Oz b) Fantasia
c) Citizen Kane d) The Jazz Singer Answer: (c)
Originally, when an artist worked in "the crafts" (p. 300), it meant that they: a) worked in bronze b) created production pieces in a factory c) worked in clay exclusively d) produced functional objects Answer: (d)
Most ceramic objects are created by one of three methods: a) additive, subtractive, and assemblage b) slab construction, coiling, and throwing c) firing, casting, and fusing d) none of the above Answer: (b)
The process of gluing or pasting fragments of printed matter, fabric and other material onto a two-dimensional surface is called _______. Answer: Collage
Typically, a ceramic object will be painted with a _______ to give it a glassy appearance after firing. Answer: Glaze
What are three primary types of ceramics (clay bodies)? Answer: Earthenware, Stoneware, & Porcelain
When a sculpture is created by building up the form with a material such as clay, the process is called: a) relief sculpture b) additive
c) cast sculpture d) Cire Perdue Answer: (b)
One of the complex aspects of wood carving that a sculptor must pay attention to is: a) the expense of the wood b) the wood's additive qualities c) wood grain d) all of the above Answer: (c)
The means by which pliable clay is made to hold its form permanently is through: a) subjecting it to high pressure b) casting it in bronze c) firing it d) soaking it Answer: (c)
A sculptural work that you can actually enter is referred to as: a) an environment b) a tableau c) an earthwork d) none of the above Answer: (a)
The Egyptian painting on wood called Mummy Portrait of a Man was created using one of the oldest painting media _______, which is a combination of pigment and hot wax. a) tempera b) fresco c) encaustic d) gouache Answer: (c)
When an artist paints with a mixture of watercolor pigment and Chinese white chalk, the process is called: a) gouache b) fresco secco c) trompe l'oeil d) encaustic Answer: (a)
In 1956, a new synthetic paint was developed from the same materials used to make plastics. The media was called: a) gouache b) acrylic c) latex paint d) encaustic Answer: (b)
One of the superior aspects of oil paint is the fact that the artist can:
a) continue to work on the same painting for weeks without it drying
b) work with big, bold, energetic brushstrokes
c) blend hues and tones seamlessly d) all of the above Answer: (d)
Known for its extraordinary luminosity, what medium was widely used in classical Greece and Roman Egypt? a) gouache b) oil c) tempera d) encaustic Answer: (d)
________, is a phrase "meaning deceit of the eye," it occurs when a painting or other artwork looks absolutely real to the point of deception. Answer: Trompe L’Oeil
Known for his role in the Pop art movement, Andy Warhol created many art works using this commercial process. What is it? a) encaustic b) silk-screening c) monotype d) lithography Answer: (b)
A _________ is an example of relief printmaking. a) rubber stamp b) mezzotint c) silk-screen d) burin Answer: (a)
________ is the process that assures that the colors of a woodcut or other relief print will align perfectly. a) Editioning b) Intaglio c) Proofing d) Registration Answer: (d)
________ is the process where the printing surface is completely flat.
a) Lithography b) Intaglio c) Mezzotint d) Aquatint Answer: (a)
Monotype is a process that is unique among the printmaking processes because it produces: a) an image from a "negative" plate b) an image from a "positive" plate
c) only one print from the plate d) an edition of prints from a single plate Answer: (c)
In any type of printmaking, after an initial set of prints is made and the block or plate is destroyed the set of prints is referred to as: a) an edition b) a rea c) a folio d) a run Answer: (a)
Before a zinc or copper plate is placed in an acid bath to be etched, it has first been coated with an acid resistant substance called a _________. a) ground b) binder c) template d) resin Answer: (a)
Which process best describes intaglio printing?
a) The area that prints is below the surface of the plate.
b) It involves drawing on limestone with a greasy medium.
c) The image to be printed is raised above the surface of the plate.
d) The image is painted on a plate and run through a press. Answer: (a)
Four types of relief printmaking process are:
RELIEF, SERIGRAPHY, LITHOGRAPHY, & INTAGLIO
Francisco de Goya
Eric Von Daniken
R. Buckminster Fuller
Frank Lloyd Wright
Talbot, Niépce, & Daguerre
David Work Griffith
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin
David O. Selznick
George Orson Welles
Henry M. Sayre
Vincent Van Gogh
1. A relief linoleum block print method is called ____. Linocut
2. A woodcut or linocut printing process Relief
3. Printing process similar to making a stencil Serigraphy
4. Printing process based on the fact that oil and water don’t mix. Lithography
5. Only one print can be made using this process Monotype
6. A set art of prints is referred to as an: Edition
7. The artist draws with a needle creating a “burr” mezzotint, aquatint, or etching Intaglio
8. A drawing technique popular in the 15th and 16th centuries using a stylus. Metal Point
9. A work made by pasting cloth, paper, or photographs onto the surface of a composition. Collage
10. A pencil drawing uses what common medium? Graphite
NOTE: how to average your grade
Projects: add all extra credit and projects
and / by 12 X 3 = ___________
Pop Q’s: drop 2 lowest pop quiz grades
and / by 3 X 2 = __________
Midterm exam grade: X 2 = _________
Final exam grade: X 2 = __________
Group project grade plus participation
grade / by 2 = _________
Add all the above and divide by 10
for your final grade