Paxson's MIDTERM EXAM Study Guide
Paxson's FINAL EXAM Study Guide
Course Text Book - Gateway to Art
p. 460 -461 The Building of Pyramids
p. 496- 497 Astronomical Knowledge in Art
Fig. 4.59 Flint
Videos Shown in Class - 2nd Half of Semester
1. "This Old Pyramid"
2. "Lost Kingdom of the Maya"
3. "The Horse Sculptures of Deborah Butterfield"
4. "Chihuly Over Venice"
5. "Restoration of the Kaufman House by Richard Neutra"
6. "Maya Lin - A Strong Clear Vision"
7. "House on the Water Fall by Frank Lloyd Wright"
8. "Dennis Weaver House - Michael Reynolds Architect"
9. "The Legacy of Generations" - Pottery by American
Artists & Terms
1. Bauhaus Style-The most influential current in
Modernist architecture and Modern design in the 20th
century. One of the main objectives of the Bauhaus
was to unify art, craft and technology in which the
machine was considered a positive element. The
Bauhaus belief is that "Form Follows Function".
2. Deborah Butterfield-American sculptor with studios in
Bozeman, Montana and in Hawaii. She is known for
her heroic sculptures of horses made from found
objects, like metal and wood. Most of her recent
outdoor horse sculptures are made of cast bronze.
3. Erich Von Daniken - Author of "Chariots of the Gods?" which
examines the possibility that aliens from other worlds
influenced early man, which he believes are recorded in our
early myth and art.
4. Wendell Castle - 20th century wood worker famous for his use
of laminate wood furniture designs which bridge the gap
between utility and fine art.
5. DaleChihuly - Seattle, Washington based glass artist who
revolutionized sculptural blown glass in the 20th century.
6. Sharon Church - "Jewelry is the Psychic Armoring of the
Human Form". Studio jeweler and Professor of Crafts, College
of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, PA. Her jewelry inspired by nature
seeks to embody shimmering beauty along with its dark,
damp and mysterious underpinnings.
7. Frank Gehry-His Architecture has been cited as being among
the most important works of contemporary architecture at the
end of the 20th century and the early 21st century. His best
known work is the titanium covered Guggenheim Museum in
8. Julio Gonzalez - Starting in 1928 Gonzalez worked with
Picasso to extend the use of iron in sculpture.
9. Walter Gropius - Founder of the Bauhaus School in 1919.
10. William Harper - "Alchemist of Jewelry" He uses in his
jewelry materials such as gold, silver, enamel, rattle snake
tails, pearls, snail shells, plastic, and beetle shells, among
many other found objects. Known as the alchemist of jewelry
because of the connection of his creations to mythology and
11. Chuck Hoberman - Inventor of the Iris Dome. Artist/engineer
who employs mathematical discoveries out of which he
creates structures that fluidly transform their size and shape.
12. Jun Kaneko - Ceramic artist who constructs pieces weighing
as much as 1,000 lbs. famous for his monolithic ceramic
13. Henry Moore - English sculptor best known for his abstract
bronze sculptures. In the 1930's Moore became as active
member of the informal modern art movement inspired by the
work of Pablo Picasso and Julio Gonzalez. Also known for his
drawings especially his "Elephant Drawings".
14. Maria Martinez - Maria and her husband Julian developed
the new black on black style inspired by the prehistoric
pottery found during an excavation in 1908 and 1909 by Dr.
Edgar Lee Hewitt.
15. George Nakashima- Japanese American woodworker,
architect and furniture maker who was one of the leading
innovators of the 20th century furniture design and Father of
the American Craft Movement.
16. Richard Neutra - Modernist architect famous for his
domestic buildings which blend art, landscape and practical
comfort. Designed the Kaufman House in Phoenix, Arizona
for Edgar Kaufmann.
17. Prairie Style-Frank Lloyd Wright developed this type of
architecture, which integrates the building to the site.
18. Albert Palev - Known for his architectural designs in wrought
iron which are influenced by the flowing lines of Art Nouveau.
19. Art Nouveau - (1890 -1910) most popular style of art based
on decoration, with linear patterns of sinuous curves and
stylized organic plant forms.
20. Martin Purvear-One of the first African American artists to
receive international recognition. His art is a fusion of cultures
and of categories, such as sculpture, architecture and craft.
21. Michael Reynolds - Developed the "Earthship Biotecture
Homes" which are built of recycled materials such as used
tires, bottles, and soda pop cans.
22. Paolo Soleri- One of the best known Utopian planners of the 20th century. Apprenticed with Frank Lloyd Wright at Taliesin
West from 1947 to 1949. Developed the site project Arcosanti,
which was intended to be Earth's first self-contained urban
23. Arcology - A word Paolo Soleri created t explain his ideas of
architecture and ecology.
24. Peter Voulkos - 20th century California ceramic artist
responsible for the elevation of ceramics from craft object to
large scale expressionist sculpture.
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